Phang Nga province

Province of Thailand

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Province in Thailand
Phang Nga
Flag of Phang Nga
Official seal of Phang Nga
Map of Thailand highlighting Phang Nga province
Map of Thailand highlighting Phang Nga province
CapitalPhang Nga
 • GovernorChamroen Thipphayaphongthada
(since October 2019)[1]
 • Total4,171 km2 (1,610 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 53rd
 • Total268,240
 • RankRanked 72nd
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 68th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5649 "somewhat low"
Ranked 59th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
Calling code076
ISO 3166 codeTH-82

Phang Nga (Thai: พังงา, pronounced [pʰāŋ.ŋāː]) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand, on the shore of the Andaman Sea to the west and Phang Nga Bay to the south. Neighboring provinces are (from north, clockwise) Ranong, Surat Thani, and Krabi. To the south is the Phuket province, connected by the Sarasin Bridge.


The province is on the west side of the Malay Peninsula and includes the many islands of the Phang Nga Bay. The most famous may be the pair of Khao Phing Kan and Ko Ta Pu, the so-called James Bond Island; in the 1974 movie The Man with the Golden Gun, Khao Phing Kan is the home base of the villain, with the needle formed limestone rock of Ko Ta Pu, 20 metres (22 yd) off the main beach, featured prominently. Ao Phang Nga (Phang Nga Bay) National Park was established in 1981 to protect the many islands.[5] The Similan Islands and Surin Islands, two of Thailand's main diving destinations, are also part of Phang Nga province.[6] The total forest area is 1,778 km2 (686 sq mi) or 32.4 percent of provincial area.[7]


Phang Nga is the modern Thai transliteration of the archaic Malay word Pangan, literally 'jungle'. The phrase orang Pangan denotes 'heathen, pagan, primitive people', in reference to a generalised tribe or people typically inhabiting jungle areas of the Malay Peninsula[8] and its offshore islands.


Phang Nga province originally believed that the name was "Mueang Phu Nga", In the past, Phu Nga city depended on Nakhon Si Thammarat.

From the chronicles it appears that before the Rattana Kosin period, Phang Nga was a sub-district with Takua Pa city. Until the reign of King Rama I of Rattankosin, Phang Nga has been elevated to a city equivalent to the city of Takua Pa and Takua Thung.

Rattanakosin period

Phang Nga was officially established in the reign of King Rama II of Rattanakosin in 1809. In that year, The Burmese attacked the towns of Takua Pa, Takua Thung and Thalang, King Rama II ordered to gather immigrants to establish a new community in Phang Nga town at "Kra Phu Nga".

Later in the reign of King Rama III, Phraya Borirak Phuthon (Saeng Na Nakhon) was appointed as the first governor of Phang Nga in 1840, and has dissolved the city of Takua Thung into a district of Phang Nga and later Takua Pa was included as a district of Phang Nga in 1931.

In 1890, King Rama V travelled to Phang Nga and recorded about the state of Phang Nga that is Phang Nga is a beautiful fertile city.

Many years later in 1916, has changed the name of "Phang Nga Town" to "Phang Nga province". Later, when the economic downturn occurred in the reign of King Rama VII, has collapsed Takua Pa, which has status as a province in the district up to Phang Nga.


Provincial seal of Phang Nga

The provincial seal shows the Phu Khao Chang mountains in the background, with city hall in front. It also shows a dredge to represent the tin mining in the province.[9]

The provincial slogan is, "Massive mining industry, Ban Klang Nam 'floating house', delightful caves, strangely shaped hills, Jampun flower, rich in resources".[9]

The provincial tree is Cinnamomum porrectum (hardy cinnamon), and the provincial flower is Anaxagorea javanica.

Administrative divisions

Map of eight districts

Provincial government

Phang Nga is divided into eight districts (amphoes), which are further divided into 48 subdistricts (tambons) and 314 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Phang Nga
  2. Ko Yao
  3. Kapong (Malay: Kampung)
  4. Takua Thung
  5. Takua Pa
  6. Khura Buri
  7. Thap Put
  8. Thai Mueang

Local government

As of 26 November 2019, there are:[10] one Phang Nga Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 15 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Phang Nga and Takua Pa have town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 13 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 36 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]


Human achievement index 2017

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
9 51 76 20
Housing Family Transport Participation
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
70 34 18 26
Province Phang Nga, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5649 is "somewhat low", occupies place 59 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"
Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings
HAI 2017 rankings.png

National parks

Mushroom Rock Island and Ko Tapu (James Bond Island), Phang Nga Bay
Ao Phang Nga National Park
  • Phang-nga National Park

    Phang-nga National Park

  • Limestone islets in Phang-nga National Park

    Limestone islets in Phang-nga National Park

  • Sunset in Phang Nga Bay

    Sunset in Phang Nga Bay

  • Karst formations

    Karst formations

Khao Lak-Lam Ru jungle.
Panorama from Similan Islands in the Andaman Sea
Ocean Animal at Mu Ko Similan National Park
  • Turtle at Similan

    Turtle at Similan

  • Whale shark at Similan

    Whale shark at Similan

  • Phantom Bannerfish at Similan

    Phantom Bannerfish at Similan



  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 136 (Special 242 Ngor). 15. 28 September 2019. Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  2. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 August 2019. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.{{cite report}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ a b "รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ "Ao Phang-nga National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  6. ^ "About Phang Nga". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 16 December 2018.
  7. ^ "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  8. ^ Mid 19th century; earliest use found in Thomas Newbold (1807–1850), army officer in the East India Company and oriental scholar. Malay: pangan, a tract of forest (Oxford Dictionaries).
  9. ^ a b "Symbol of Phang Nga". OSM Andamnan: The Office of Strategy Management for Southern Province Cluster. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 33 Phang Nga: 1 PAO, 2 Town mun., 13 Subdistrict mun., 36 SAO.
  11. ^ "Mu Ko Surin National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  12. ^ "Khao Lak-Lam Ru National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 20 April 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Khao Lampi–Hat Thai Mueang National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  14. ^ "Mu Ko Similan National Park". Department of National Parks (DNP) Thailand. Archived from the original on 26 May 2015. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  15. ^ "Mu Koh Similan National Park". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 26 May 2015.

External links

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Places adjacent to Phang Nga province
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Coordinates: 8°26′23″N 98°31′5″E / 8.43972°N 98.51806°E / 8.43972; 98.51806

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