Lamphun province

Province of Thailand
Province in Thailand
Lamphun
ลำพูน
ᩃᨻᩪᩁ
จังหวัดลำพูน · ᨧᩢ᩠ᨦᩉ᩠ᩅᩢᩃᨻᩪᩁ
Khun Tan Tunnel of Khun Tan Railway Station in Mae Tha District, a part of Khun Tan Range
Flag of Lamphun
Flag
Official seal of Lamphun
Seal
Nickname: 
La Phun
Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun province
Map of Thailand highlighting Lamphun province
CountryThailand
CapitalLamphun
Government
 • GovernorWorayut Naowarat
(since October 2020)[1]
Area
 • Total4,478 km2 (1,729 sq mi)
 • RankRanked 49th
Population
 (2019)[3]
 • Total405,075
 • RankRanked 64th
 • Density92/km2 (240/sq mi)
  • RankRanked 50th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.6795 "high"
Ranked 3rd
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
51xxx
Calling code052 & 053
ISO 3166 codeTH-51
Websitewww.lamphun.go.th
Lamphun province
Lanna- Thai lamphun.svg
"Lamphun" in Thai language (top) and
Northern Thai with Tai Tham script (bottom)
Thai name
Thaiลำพูน
RTGSLamphun
Northern Thai name
Northern Thaiᩃᨻᩪᩁ
(La Phu)
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This article contains Lanna text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Tai Tham script.

Lamphun (Thai: ลำพูน, pronounced [lām.pʰūːn]; Northern Thai: ᩃᨻᩪᩁ) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (changwat), lies in upper northern Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Chiang Mai, Lampang, and Tak.

Geography

Lamphun is in the Ping River valley. It is surrounded by mountain chains, with the Thanon Thong Chai Range in the west and the Khun Tan Range in the east of the province. It is some 670 kilometres from Bangkok and 26 kilometres from Chiang Mai. The total forest area is 2,588 km2 (999 sq mi) or 57.8 percent of provincial area.[2] Lamphun is regarded as the smallest province of northern region of Thailand.

History

Under its old name of Haripunchai, Lamphun was the northernmost city of the Mon kingdom of the Dvaravati period,[5] and also the last to fall to the Thai. In the late-12th century it came under siege from the Khmer, but did not fall. However, in 1281 King Mengrai of Lan Na finally seized the city, and made it part of his kingdom. After Burmese expansion in the 16th century, Lamphun was under Burmese rule for two centuries. In the 18th century, with the rise of Thonburi and Bangkok against Burmese rule, local leaders from Lampang agreed to be their allies. Lamphun was finally freed from the Burmese and ruled by relatives of Lampang's leader, gaining vassal status from Bangkok. Eventually, after the administrative reform of Bangkok government in the late-19th century, Lamphun became part, as a province, of Siam.[6]

Symbols

The provincial seal shows the temple Wat Phra That Haripunchai, which was already the main temple of the city Lamphun during Mon times. The gold-covered chedi is said to contain a relic of Buddha.

The provincial flower is the Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma), and the provincial tree is the Rain Tree (Samanea saman).

Transport

Foods

  • Kaeng khae, a spicy curry consisting mainly of vegetables with chicken, frog, fish or snails.[7]
  • Kuaitiao lamyai, stewed pork noodles soup with dried longan, originated in Lamphun.[8]

Administrative divisions

Map of eight districts

Provincial government

The province is divided into eight districts (amphoes). These are further divided into 51 subdistricts (tambons) and 551 villages (mubans).

For national elections the province is divided into three constituencies. Constituency 1 covers the Mueang District except Tambon Makhuea Chae; Constituency 2 the districts Pa Sang, Mae Tha, and Tambon Makhuea Chae of Mueang District; and Constituency 3 the districts Ban Hong, Thung Hua Chang, and Li.

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are:[9] one Lamphun Provincial Administration Organisation (ongkan borihan suan changwat) and 40 municipal (thesaban) areas in the province. Lamphun has town (thesaban mueang) status. Further 39 subdistrict municipalities (thesaban tambon). The non-municipal areas are administered by 17 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (ongkan borihan suan tambon).[3]

Human achievement index 2017

Health Education Employment Income
Health icon Thai.png Round Landmark School Icon - Transparent.svg Employment icon.png Numismatics and Notaphily icon.png
67 12 5 40
Housing Family Transport Participation
586-house-with-garden.svg
Parents, enfants, famille.png
Groundtransport inv.svg Icon Sociopolítica y relaciones internacionales (wikiproyect, es.wp).png
15 36 19 1
Province Lamphun, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.6795 is "high", occupies place 3 in the ranking.

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[4]

Rank Classification
  1 - 15 "high"
16 - 30 "somewhat high"
31 - 45 "average"
45 - 60 "somewhat low"
61 - 77 "low"
Map with provinces and HAI 2017 rankings
HAI 2017 rankings.png

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง แต่งตั้งข้าราชการพลเรือนสามัญ" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office regarding the appointment of civil servants] (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 137 (Special 238 Ngor). 22. 9 October 2020. Retrieved 13 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "ตารางที่ 2 พี้นที่ป่าไม้ แยกรายจังหวัด พ.ศ.2562" [Table 2 Forest area Separate province year 2019]. Royal Forest Department (in Thai). 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2021, information, Forest statistics Year 2019, Thailand boundary from Department of Provincial Administration in 2013{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  3. ^ a b รายงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ส.2562 [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2019]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  4. ^ a b Human achievement index 2017 by National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB), pages 1-40, maps 1-9, retrieved 14 September 2019, ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1
  5. ^ "Historic Lamphun: Capital of the Mon Kingdom of Haripunchai", in: Forbes, Andrew, and Henley, David, Ancient Chiang Mai Volume 4. Chiang Mai, Cognoscenti Books, 2012. ASIN: B006J541LE
  6. ^ "++ ???䫵??ШӨѧ??Ѵ?Ӿٹ ++". Archived from the original on 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2008-07-20.
  7. ^ Lamphun food : Kaeng Khae Kai
  8. ^ "ก๋วยเตี๋ยวหมูตุ๋นลำไย (เวียงยอง) หลังวัดพระธาตุหริภุญไชย ลำพูน" [Longan stewed pork noodles (Wiang Yong) behind Wat Phra That Hariphunchai, Lamphun]. mu-ku-ra.com (in Thai). 2018-10-25.
  9. ^ "Number of local government organizations by province". dla.go.th. Department of Local Administration (DLA). 26 November 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019. 53 Lamphun: 1 PAO, 1 Town mun., 39 Subdistrict mun., 17 SAO.

External links

  • Lamphun travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Provincial website
  • Lamphun province, Tourism Authority of Thailand
Places adjacent to Lamphun province
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Coordinates: 18°34′45″N 99°0′23″E / 18.57917°N 99.00639°E / 18.57917; 99.00639